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The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.

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It can declare a law as unconstitutional, if it contravenes any provision of the Constitution.

In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.

As such amendments can only be made by the Union Parliament.

All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.

The federal polity, in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. A federal government exists when the powers of the government for a community are divided substantially according to a principle that there is a single independent authority for the whole area in respect of some matters and there are independent regional authorities for other matters, each set of authorities being co-ordinate to and subordinate to the others within its own sphere.

The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.However, this is not applicable in case of Indian States.

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