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The following provision of Indian constitution makes it unitary Article I of the Constitution describes India as a ‘Union of States’, which implies two things: firstly, it is not the result of an agreement among the States and secondly, the States have no freedom to secede or separate from the Union.Besides, the Constitution of the Union and the States is a single framework from which neither can get out and within which they must function.Such an amendment has to be passed by majority of total members of each house of the Parliament as well as by two-thirds majority of the members present and voting there in.

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But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.

What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.

In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.

The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.

It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.

But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.In a federal set up there is a two tier of Government with well assigned powers and functions.In this system the central government and the governments of the units act within a well defined sphere, co-ordinate and at the same time act independently. Wheare defines federal government as an association of states, which has been formed for certain common purposes, but in which the member states retain a large measure of their original independence.This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.

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