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Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.

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It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.

But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.

This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.

The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).

As such amendments can only be made by the Union Parliament.

All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.

The federation is a union because it is indestructible and helps to maintain the unity of the country.

Art 155 and 156 provide that the Governor, who is the constitutional head of a State, is to be appointed by the President and stays only until the pleasure of the President The Centre may take over the administration of the State on the recommendations of the Governor or otherwise.

In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.

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