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Children have no social duties besides playing, and leisure is very important to San of all ages.

Large amounts of time are spent in conversation, joking, music, and sacred dances.

The age rule resolves any confusion arising from kinship terms, as the older of two people always decides what to call the younger.

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Various Y chromosome studies show that the San carry some of the most divergent (oldest) human Y-chromosome haplogroups.

These haplogroups are specific sub-groups of haplogroups A and B, the two earliest branches on the human Y-chromosome tree.

Women's traditional gathering gear is simple and effective: a hide sling, a blanket, a cloak called a kaross to carry foodstuffs, firewood, smaller bags, a digging stick, and perhaps, a smaller version of the kaross to carry a baby. They kill their game using arrows and spears tipped in diamphotoxin, a slow-acting arrow poison produced by beetle larvae of the genus Diamphidia.

Historical evidence shows that certain San communities have always lived in the desert regions of the Kalahari; however, eventually nearly all other San communities in southern Africa were forced into this region.

The Kalahari San remained in poverty where their richer neighbours denied them rights to the land.

Before long, in both Botswana and Namibia, they found their territory drastically reduced.

The ancestors of the hunter-gatherer San people are considered to have been the first inhabitants of what is now Botswana and South Africa.

The historical presence of the San in Botswana is particularly evident in northern Botswana's Tsodilo Hills region.

The San are one of 14 known extant "ancestral population clusters".

That is, "groups of populations with common genetic ancestry, who share ethnicity and similarities in both their culture and the properties of their languages".

The San kinship system reflects their interdependence as traditionally small mobile foraging bands.

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