Automated dating of the world language families

And this week, the approach takes a major step forward, with a combined genetic and linguistic study of the largest Australian language family.The paper, published in this week's issue of along with two other genomic studies of the peopling of Australia, offers a modern version of Warramurrungunji's story.Therefore, the languages spoken by the original communities have spread and evolved, following the spreading of agriculture, as a slow demic diffusion process, which over thousands of years has brought some language families to extend over extremely vast regions: , a language family linked to the domestication of wheat, extending from Anatolia to the Balkans, to European Russia, to all the European continent with the already mentioned northern latitude limit, except the Basque region A new opportunity for human diffusion opened when the most recent Ice Age ended (about 10 000 years ago) with the widespread heating of dry lands: the belt of lands located over the 54 degrees latitude limit was gradually populated by groups speaking languages whose evolution brought about the following language families: In the course of late Prehistoric and Historic Ages, certain cultures succeeded in establishing their domination over other territories using their organisation capabilities, or the authority resulting from technological know-how, or the use of their military force, thus widening the diffusion of the languages they spoke.

Automated dating of the world language families 100 free america dating no credit card

It paints a picture of how people entered and spread across the continent, giving birth to new languages as they went.

It's "a major advance," says Peter Hiscock, an archaeologist at the University of Sydney in Australia.

The first person to set foot on the continent of Australia was a woman named Warramurrungunji.

She emerged from the sea onto an island off northern Australia, and then headed inland, creating children and putting each one in a specific place. " This myth, from the Iwaidja people of northwestern Australia, has more than a grain of truth, for the peopling and language origins of Australia are closely entwined, says linguist Nicholas Evans of Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra. When Europeans colonized Australia 250 years ago, the continent was home to an estimated half-million to 2 million people who were organized into about 700 different groups and spoke at least 300 languages.

"That's useful in Pama-Nyungan," she explains, "because you don't have good data, and you have to rely on single authors who may not be that familiar with the languages." Based on a set of parameters, researchers can winnow millions of trees into groups of the most plausible ones.

The progress of linguistics, archaeology and genetics, makes it possible to provide a plausible explanation for the existence of such a huge number of different languages.

If Hale was right, then Pama-Nyungan, with more than 200 identified languages, would be one of the world's largest language families—larger than Indo-European and almost as large as Sino-Tibetan.

Not everyone agrees that Pama-Nyungan is one family, however, for, like other Australian language families, it presents a puzzling pattern of similarities and differences.

Some suggested that the Pama-Nyungan family, if it exists, entered the continent in a separate migration, whereas others argued that it split off from other Aboriginal languages only a few thousand years ago.

Tags: , ,